Coffee Beans: Variety And Uses
Coffee has become a staple drink in almost everyone’s life. Coffee also helps in increasing energy levels after a tiring and stressful day as it contains caffeine. After having coffee, caffeine enters the blood and make people feel less tired. But drinking more than 24 ounces of coffee every day can cause specific health issues. Coffee beans are not only used as a source of our regular caffeinated drinks but have many more uses in household, gardening, and skincare also. There is a whole variety of coffee beans depending upon the type of plant they come from. Furthermore, different types of coffee bean plants are grown in most parts of the world.
A Typical Coffee Bean Plant
Coffee beans are the seeds of the coffee plant’s fruit. Cherry-like fruits grow on the plants, and the coffee beans are the seeds enclosed. Farmers ensure that the coffee plants don’t attain much height and are short and also trimmed. The smaller the tree is, the better the yield and quality are achieved. The outermost two or three layers of coffee cherry are removed to obtain the coffee seed. The seeds are further roasted and processed to get the much-loved coffee.
Variety Of Coffee Beans
- A most popular type of coffee having a share of 60-70% of the world’s total consumption.
- It was the first coffee plant that was cultivated by humans around the 11th century in Ethiopia.
- It is grown in Africa and America.
- Arabica coffee beans have around 40-45 varieties such as Bourbon, Java, and Mocha.
- It has a pleasant acidity with a sweet flavor.
- Another name is Coffea canephora.
- It has a strong taste as compared to Arabica as the amount of caffeine is almost double.
- It was introduced in Vietnam by the French colonists in the 19th century.
- Africa and Indonesia grow it.
- The rarest and least consumed.
- Liberica being rare is quite expensive also.
- It was introduced in the Philippines as an alternative for Arabica plants.
- Liberica grows in Malaysia, West Africa, and Java.
- Coffee beans of Liberia are most prominent in size.
- It has a hint of smoky flavor with dark chocolate and spices.
- A variety of Liberica, Barako is also used as a body exfoliator.
Uses Of Coffee Beans
- The primary purpose is as a beverage.
- Coffee bean grounds are rich in several minerals and nutrients. So, it can be used as a fertilizer, decreasing the dependency on chemicals.
- Not only nutrients, but many toxins are also present in coffee beans. These chemicals are harmful only for the insects and pests that damage plants.
- Coffee grounds have a high absorption capacity. So, these can be used to absorb or remove unpleasant odors from shoes, fridge, etc.
- The antibacterial properties of coffee beans are helpful in cleaning surfaces. The granules present in coffee grounds act as cleansing scrub for utensils.
- It has found a role in skincare also. Organic scrubs are made using coffee bean grounds and other natural ingredients like honey. It helps in removing dead skin cells and increase blood flow.
- Caffeine and antioxidants present in coffee can help in healing under-eye dark cycles.
Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world, and the source of coffee is a huge variety of coffee bean that is produced and consumed in every corner of the world. But the identity of coffee beans is not just limited to it. There is a vast range of benefits of it and coffee grounds. Be it dissolving cellulite of the body or increase blood circulation, caffeine does it all. It has also found a place in gardening and general household. Also, the exfoliating and cleansing properties of coffee can’t be unseen.