These beans are grown at a low elevated area and are of a lower grade than Arabica. They grow easily, and the yield rate is high. Coffee Robusta is more resistant to disease. They contain more caffeine and is mostly have astringent flavor.
Arabica beans are one of the world higher quality beans. They come with more pleasing flavors, and it also contains less caffeine as compared to Robusta. There different varieties available in the market are named after their country.
For making a perfect coffee, you need a good quality of coffee beans. There are mainly two varieties of coffee beans, Coffee Arabica, and Coffee Robusta. Coffee Arabica covers more than 75% of the coffee beans market that are produced in the world; the rest is shared by Coffee Robusta, which is also known as Coffee Canephora.
Some of the other beans are Bengal coffee; Congo coffee; Coffee Liberia, Liberian coffee; however, these beans not available in the export market.
The Lifecycle Of The Coffee Bean
Before poured into your cup, coffee goes through many processes over a period of months. From bean ground down to speculation and pouring, it takes a lot of efforts for making a perfect drink.
The Coffee seed first being grind, and after a few weeks, the seed develops into a seedling. This seedling is to be handle carefully and ensure the moisture in the soil and direct exposure to sunlight will be less. After about 9 to 18 months, the coffee tree will grow 12 inches taller and further three years after it bears fruits and after six years it becomes fully mature and starts producing fruit. Now the trees are ready for harvesting.
Picking And Sorting OF Coffee Bean
50 to 60 pounds of coffee one can take in a day by a good coffee picker. The coffee tree yield around 2000 beans per year in its average life of about 20-25 years.
Once you have picked the cherries, they are ready for sorting. We can do this by various means depending on the taste of your coffee needed.
Now the picked cherries are dried in the sunlight, then they remove the pulp, and dried skin. This can be done in a few weeks. This is termed as dry Processing.
Although, wet Processing is the method in which cherries are in the water; the one which floats is considered as defective and removed. After this, the cherries are press with the help of machine which allows the seed and some pulp to pass through the holes.
Hulling And Polishing
With the help of machines, the pulp layer is remove from the wet-processed coffee beans. The dried husk of the dried cherries is remove in dry-processed coffee beans. A polishing machine removes silver skin.
Cleaning, Sorting, And Export
Now the beans are again segregate by sizes and weight and for any imperfection. The imperfect coffee is remove from the lot. The beans are now ready to export worldwide.
Now your coffee is ready to taste and roast so that you can have a perfect cup of coffee for you.