Brazil- The Coffee Pot Of The World
Since the past one hundred and fifty years Brazil it the leading producer of coffee in the world. So this is why this country is known as the coffee pot of the world. This country is responsible for one-third of the world’s production of coffee. Maybe the coffee pot you see in your kitchen right now has coffee from Brazil. Coffee plantation in this region covers almost 27000 square kilometers. The coffee plantation covers mainly southeastern states of Minas Gerais, Paulo, and Praná. The environment and climate of these regions are ideal for coffee plantation.
Coffee Pot: History Of Coffee Plantation In Brazil
Coffee came to existence in Brazil in the 18th century. Francisco de Melo Palheta was the first person to plant a coffee bush in this region. In the year 1821, Brazil was the largest exporter of sugar. But by the end of 1830, this country became the largest exporter of coffee. As the demand for coffee increased in America and Europe, this led to an increase in coffee production and the era of slavery also started from hereon. By the end of the mid 19th century, almost 1.5 million slaves were imported in Brazil. These slaves were made to work in coffee plantations for long hours. Finally, slavery came to an end in 1888 in Brazil.
Coffee Pot: Cultivation Of Coffee In Brazil
Almost 27000square kilometer of the area is utilized for coffee plantation. There are over 220000 coffee farms here. Alone, the area Minas Gerais accounts for half of the country’s production. The plants are harvested during the dry season, which extends from June to September. The berries are then kept under the sun to dry for 8-10 days. The beans are packed and exported after the process of hulling.
Varieties Of Coffee
Arabica and Robusta, these two species of coffee plants dominate the region. 85% production is that of Arabica and the remaining Robusta. Frost is a type of coffee plant, which grows in Brazil. This plant can tolerate low temperatures but not frost. The white frosts are responsible for killing the flowers of berries. But, the effects of black frost are even more severe. Black frost kills the entire tree, and the consequences are long-term. The coffee processing industry in this region works in two groups. These two groups are based upon the type of coffee produced i.e., roasted coffee or instant coffee. Brazil is the largest producer of instant coffee, and both types of coffee are exported mainly in America. America, on the other hand, is the largest consumer of coffee.
So next time when in the market, do check the label to know the region of production. A pot of coffee can be refreshing after a long and tiring day. Moreover, various designs of the coffee pot are also available in the market to enhance the coffee-sipping experience. Coffee is the best beverage, which one can have at any time during the day. But make sure to not to consume it after sunset or one may have a sleepless night.