Ever wonder what makes up coffee drinks? What is latte or cappuccino made of? And do coffee drinks really differ from coffee? The short answer is coffee drinks are usually coffee-based. However, coffee can be served in various ways. From one coffee bean to another, their flavors are almost the same – but that’s where coffee beans end and coffee drinks begin!
A cup of coffee can take many forms. It does not always mean an instant coffee powder mixed with boiling water. Coffee may come in different shapes, sizes, and flavors – all made possible by global coffee culture through different preparation techniques which in turn offer unique aromas in each brewed coffee drink. This article will help you understand what sets your favorite coffee drink apart from the rest!
No coffee type is listed here, so feel free to add what you think is a coffee type in the comments section below!
Expand your coffee knowledge by exploring coffee cultures and rituals around the world.
Espresso/Italian style coffee drink is usually derived from high-grade coffee beans which are made of dark roasted coffee, fine grinds, and packed tightly with high pressure to yield a strong shot of coffee. Coffee makers use water heated at about 90-95 Celsius degrees, sending in short bursts to force out boiling water in a minute or less. The machine that delivers these powerful bursts of pressurized hot water is called an espresso machine. It works best when the ground coffee’s temperature is 94 degrees celsius during extraction.
2. Black coffee (Americano)
Black coffee is coffee with nothing in it. It’s simply coffee served black and pure, according to the Oxford English Dictionary; we take that to mean coffee without milk or cream. Americano is a stronger and more bitter version of black coffee, made by adding hot water to espresso in an attempt to recreate the flavor profile of drip coffee, which was the only other way most people knew how to brew coffee until around World War II. The resulting beverage is usually weaker than drip coffee but significantly stronger than typical brewed coffee such as French press or pour-over.
3. Mocha coffee drink
Mocha coffee is an old-fashioned coffee drink of India dating back to the 16th century. It’s a coffee drink made of coffee, cocoa, and spices (cinnamon and cardamom). The coffee beans are roasted with cocoa pods and mixed with spices such as cinnamon and cardamom for a slight bitterness and spicy aroma.
Latte is derived from a coffee latte in Italian which literally means “coffee milk.” In most cases, it’s usually espresso combined with steamed milk, although some people refer to any creamy coffee as a latte. You can have your coffee by adding different amounts of steamed milk from an almost white-colored pure coffee to a dark brown creamy one! That is why coffee latte can be served in different coffee types such as brown coffee, white coffee, and black coffee.
Cappuccino is a coffee drink that consists of coffee and steamed milk, prepared using an espresso machine and topped with cream or foam created by the creamer injected into it. The typical cappuccino has about 1/3 espresso, 1/3 hot milk, and 1/3 foamed milk on top (you may also add 2 percent flavored milk). Ingredients for this coffee type include sugar (if you like your coffee sweet), cinnamon, or cocoa powder for aroma.
Mochaccino is a variation of cappuccino wherein cocoa powder is added to coffee cappuccino. Some coffee shops serve coffee mochaccino with whipped cream or chocolate syrup on top depending on the barista’s preference. Mochaccino is milkier than coffee mocha because coffee mocha contains less steamed milk than coffee, resulting in a stronger coffee taste. Both are popular coffee types all over the world today.
7. White coffee
White coffee is an old-fashioned drink that has no milk content at all – not even 2 percent flavored milk! It is purely ground espresso coffee topped with heavy cream and low to medium sugar levels depending on your preference. If you are looking for a strong caffeine kick without any dairy, then the white coffee type may be what you’re after.
8. Black coffee with sugar (Sweet coffee)
Black coffee with sugar is coffee that’s served black and sweet, usually with a lot of sugar added to it. It tastes slightly acidic but is very sweet. You can actually use your coffee as you wish by adding so much syrup or essence, instead of the usual coffee barista who does it for you!
9. Iced coffee
Iced coffee is coffee poured over ice cubes, made using brewed coffee instead of espresso. Sometimes brewed coffee is mixed with cold water before being poured onto ice cubes in order to reach the desired strength or flavor, resulting in iced coffee. Popular variants are Italian iced coffee which uses a stronger espresso shot poured over ice cubes; Americano which is coffee with hot water added; and cold coffee brewed coffee poured over ice cubes.
10. Espresso coffee drink
Espresso coffee is an extra-strong coffee beverage made by forcing a small amount of almost boiling water (or sometimes steam) under very high pressure through finely-ground coffee beans. This method produces an intensely aromatic coffee with a creamy layer on top which can be easily mixed using a spoon or swirl stick without ending up as the usual watered-down coffee you get when pouring its liquid counterpart onto ice cubes.
11. Cafe au lait
Cafe au lait is composed of equal amounts of coffee and steamed milk, similar to the French version that calls for half-and-half instead of equal parts coffee and milk. But coffee cafes now serve coffee au lait with coffee syrup, coffee essence, and coffee creamer to make a milky coffee for a new flavorful taste.
12. Irish coffee
Irish coffee is a coffee drink containing strong black coffee, whiskey or Irish whisky, and sugar. This type of coffee is great either warm or cold depending on the season!
There you have it: coffee types and coffee drinks. Remember that coffee culture is not only about the coffee you drink; it’s also about how you drink your coffee! So whether you’re a coffee addict or just a coffee fan, join in on this coffee journey and sip with care!